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ISSN 2073-8137

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Analysis of risk factors for HIV-infection in females

[Infectious diseases]
Gulshat Hasanova; Laysan Mukharyamova; Saida Agliullina; Vladimir Anokhin;

The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of HIV infection risk factors in women in the Republic of Tatarstan. Anonymous questioning of 208 women with HIV infection was conducted. The majority of those surveyed had an education level higher than average, a stable job, assess their financial situation as an average or above average, profess Christianity or Islam, were in an official or civil marriage, 51.0 % have stable relationships with men for more than 3 years. Constant sexual partner was the most frequent source of HIV infection among surveyed women. Some of the patients became infected due to their partners hiding the diagnosis of HIV infection. A low frequency of women’s use of a condom was revealed. Preventive work should be done towards increasing public awareness, training safe sexual behavior, legal literacy. The gender aspect of the problem need to be taken into account in the preventive programs.


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Keywords: HIV infection, epidemic, women, risk factors, gender inequality

Stavropol State Medical Academy
Pyatigorsk State Research Institute of Balneotherapeutics
Pyatigorsk State Pharmaceutical Academy