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Etiological aspects of congenital hearing loss

[Review]
Oleg Konoplev; Vladislav Kuzovkov; Serofima Sugarova; Yulia Preobrazhenskaya; Andrey Lilenko; Denis Kaliapin;

The problem of congenital hearing loss occupies a special place in the structure of otorhinolaryngological morbidity. It has a widespread and relatively uniform distribution. Over the last decades, many successful attempts have been made in the development of methods for hearing and speech rehabilitation. However, the heterogeneity of the results makes us pay special attention to the problems of the etiology of congenital hearing loss, which are covered to a very small extent in the context of modern rehabilitation measures, especially in Russia. This article reviews the latest generalized global data on the problems of the etiological profile of patients with congenital hearing loss. Both
the most actual and rare cases of the congenital hearing loss causes in patients are affected. This article is intended to become an important foundation in the clinical practice of specialists dealing with the problems of diagnosis and rehabilitation of hearing impairments.

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Keywords: deafness, congenital deafness, hearing loss, etiology of hearing loss


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Stavropol State Medical Academy
Pyatigorsk State Research Institute of Balneotherapeutics
Pyatigorsk State Pharmaceutical Academy