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Роль фактического питания в профилактике неинфекционных заболеваний

[Обзор]
Заикина Инна Викторовна; Комлева Наталья Евгеньевна; Микеров Анатолий Николаевич; Чехонацкий Андрей Анатольевич; Чернышкова Елена Вячеславовна; Карпов Сергей Михайлович;

Здоровое питание является одним из значимых факторов, влияющих на снижение риска развития хронических неинфекционных заболеваний. В обзоре представлены результаты эпидемиологических и клинических исследований, свидетельствующие об особенностях питания населения. Обсуждается роль микронутриентной недостаточности и пищевых волокон в развитии неинфекционных заболеваний, необходимость и возможность их коррекции с целью профилактики патологических состояний. Результаты исследований обосновывают перспективность дальнейших продольных популяционных эпидемиологических исследований с целью изучения ассоциаций с клиническими и медикосоциальными показателями и оценки вклада факторов риска, обусловленных питанием, в развитие неинфекционных заболеваний.

Для повышения эффективности профилактики хронических неинфекционных заболеваний целесообразно применять комплексный подход: повышать информированность населения и профессионализм врачей первичного звена в вопросах здорового питания, которые должны при разработке рекомендаций по пищевому поведению применять персонализированный подход, учитывая пол и возраст пациентов, вкусовые предпочтения, наличие сопутствующей патологии, физическую активность, профессиональную занятость.

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Ключевые слова: хронические неинфекционные заболевания, факторы риска, здоровое питание, профилактика,обзор


Учредители:
Ставропольская государственная медицинская академия
Государственный научно-исследовательский институт курортологии
Пятигорская государственная фармацевтическая академия