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Modern opportunities of magnetic -resonance technologies in diagnostics of the fatty liver

[Review]
Yanina Allakhverdieva; Sergey Vorobyev; Nikolai Mineev;

Тhe review summarizes the diagnostic capabilities of magnetic resonance tomography and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The data on the accuracy and reproducibility of quantitative assessment of steatosis and liver fibrosis, the possibility of dynamic observation of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in high-field MRI with a double gradient echo in phase and antiphase, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance elastography in a comparative aspect with liver biopsy are presented. It is concluded that the determination of the proton density of the fat fraction from the data of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy or the quantitative assessment of the ratio of fat and water in magnetic resonance tomography is as close as possible to the «gold standard» of diagnosis.

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Keywords: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, magnetic resonance elastography, diagnostic efficacy


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