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The high prevalence of iron deficiency in children in the first year of life requires clarifying the risk factors for its development. 83 children of one year of life were examined. 43 children were breastfed, 40 were on artificial feeding with iron content in mixtures of 0.53–0.83 mg per 100 ml. A significant decrease in hemoglobin, serum ferritin, an increase in the
concentration of soluble transferrin receptors was noted in children who were on artificial feeding from early neonatal period.
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Keywords: artificial feeding mixtures, iron deficiency